Tutorial: Add SQLCipher to your Android app

Hi guys!

Today’s tutorial will be about SQLCipher and its integration in Android (with the means of Android Studio). Just to give some introduction, SQLCipher is used for a full database encryption. What full means is that the DB file is entirely encrypted, not only separate rows or tables. Zetetic, the company behind SQLCipher, provides Community and Commercial edition. You can use the former for commercial projects, though, just have to provide license doc in your app. Also, SQLCipher is not for Android only, it can be used on various platforms.

Regarding security features, SQLCipher uses 256-bit AES in CBC mode by default, with 1kB page size, and it derives the key data using PBKDF2 function. The difference in API that you instantly notice is the passphrase argument in getReadableDatabase() and getWritableDatabase() methods. Now, this passphrase should never be stored in the application, otherwise the whole point of encryption is wasted. One thing to keep in mind, is that the passphrase is not a key! Yes, the DB is encrypted using the key, but it is generated based on the passphrase (~ password) and also can be re-set using PRAGMA rekey command.
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